What is your skin type?

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Ascertaining your skin type is an important first step in knowing how to treat your skin, what products to use. To identify your skin type, you should follow the next steps :

1. Wash your face. Wash with a gentle cleanser and pat dry. This cleans away oils and dirt that may have accumulated during your day, giving your skin a fresh start. Do not over wash though.

2. Wait an hour. During this time, your skin should return to its natural state, the characteristics of which will determine your skin type. Act normally and, please, don't touch your face.

3. Dab your face with a tissue. Pay attention to the 'T-zone'--the area of your forehead and nose.

4. Determine your skin type. Skin falls into four types--normal, oily, dry and combination.

 

01. oily skin

Oily with a bright look, touch, are slightly oily but they are completely clean. Its tone is turned off, since the excess sebum prevents the natural elimination of dead cells. In general, oily skin occurs more in the morenos that blondes and, despite its thickness, not exempt of fragility. Oily skins are thicker than the rest, age more slowly, wrinkle less easily and are more resistant to the Sun. Its grain is fatter than in dry skin and their pores get stuck easily. Its origin is usually genetic.

Basic treatments for oily skins.

To combat excess fat, the first step is the rigorous hygiene. Clean, purify and protect are the three objectives. Cleaning is necessary to avoid excess fat to accumulate in the pores and clog them. Two or three times a week should be a facial exfoliate. To moisturize and protect, oily must use an emulsion, with light texture, fat-free and without cosmedogenicos effects, to regulate the activity of the sebaceous glands and rebalances cutaneous pH.

How to know if your skin is oily?

  • Enlarged pores
  • Dull or shiny, thick complexion
  • Blackheads, pimples, or other blemishes

 

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02. normal skin

 It is the type of skin that everyone would like to but few have: firm, elastic, flexible, matte and clear. The texture is fine and smooth, uniform and smooth touch, the fresh appearance and tone transparent and luminous; It has no wrinkles, or blackheads and dilated pores. When you pinch it is difficult to crease and caused crease disappears as soon as the pressure is released. This type of skin occurs almost exclusively in children before puberty, and in any case, its qualities do not last beyond age 25, when normally it becomes dry. This is the reason why products for normal skins are increasingly scarce.

Basic treatment for normal skins.

Essential for normal skin treatment is one that maintains and preserves the fragile balance of hydration and sebum: products too many rich compounds of active molecules, since they can break the harmony on which rests the skin should be avoided. We had to choose, on the other hand, light moisturizers that help conserve the elasticity and flexibility and protect from external aggressions (pollution and Sun), responsible for the majority of imbalances.

How to know if your skin is normal?

  • No or few imperfections
  • No severe sensitivity
  • Barely visible pores
  • A radiant complexion

 

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 03. dry skin

It results from insufficient secretion of sebum and the decrease of hydration in the horny layer, although it can also be a product of the weather conditions, excess calcareous water or the use of soaps and detergents that make you lose your natural protection. Its appearance is matte, dull; the touch is sometimes rough, taut, tense and harsh with a tendency to peel. The skin is thin, almost transparent with poor elasticity and poor hydration; the tone is clear, with very closed, almost invisible pores. It is sensitive, irritated easily, has a tendency to Redden and suffer from rosacea and is prone to allergies.

 Basic treatments for dry skin.

They need, in the same measure, hydration and nutrition. Hydration must be done in two ways: internal (drinking a minimum of 1 litre and a half of water a day) and external, using cosmetic products that slow down the evaporation and capture the ambient humidity. An ideal treatment is to use a moisturizer in the morning and a nutritious evening, choosing the texture rich and dense in winter and in summer light emulsions. Twice a week, a gentle exfoliation. 

How to know if your skin is dry?

  • Almost invisible pores
  • Dull, rough complexion
  • Red patches
  • Less elasticity
  • More visible lines

 

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04. combinated skin

It is easy to recognize, both dry and oily. It bears all the hallmarks of a dry skin on cheeks, eyes and neck area (forehead, nose and Chin) T is extremely fat Normally, mixed skins are fat in adolescence, with the passage of time, have been dried; only the area of the face that more fat produces is still fat, so skin appears dull and little light, and in the central part, the appearance is bright, with dilated pores and blackheads. Mixed skin has an acceptable elasticity and can turn into fat or dry, temporarily or permanently.

 Basic treatments for combination skin.

For mixed skins, it is advisable to use specific products for oily skin when cleaning, for example, deep cleansing and astringent soaps. Specific products for normal skins are suitable to hydrate and protect themselves from the Sun.

 How to know if your skin is mixed?

  • Overly dilated pores
  • Blackheads
  • Shiny skin

 

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